An examination from the position of academic medieval scholarship; comparing and contrasting social patterns of gender and sexuality in real Medieval Europe, in modern society, and in Westeros. Were there homosexuals in Medieval Europe? What were the social patterns of gender, for both men and women? How did they define their sexual/gender identities? Westeros resembles each in certain respects, but is different from either. Beyond the Faith of the Seven, what are the cultural patterns of the Ironborn, the Dornish, and the Dothraki? Were there Trans people in the Middle Ages and in the world of Westeros?